Antique "Khanabad" Hamadan Mat
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Antique Persian "Khanabad" Hamadan Rug
Size: 2-7 x 4-0
Material: Wool pile on cotton foundation.
Condition: Excellent. Professionally cleaned.
Khanabad is a small village NE of the city of Hamadan which during the Neo-Classical period made small mats and runners. Identification hallmark is the border which may be an village interpretation of the Zil-es-Sultan design with a main field of larger scale Herati motifs. Well made classic Cottage Industry production that the ever industrious and innovative Persians wove to supplement their income. Occasionally show up in the market and are scooped up by collectors quickly. Likely all vegetal dyes. Small enough to hang on the wall.
Overlooked and overshadowed during the Neo-Classical period of 1875-1941, arguably 1979, by their orchestrated and majestic counterparts from the great Persian workshops, Hamadan rugs were mostly produced by women villagers for supplementary income as time allowed, mostly off season. Organized production in the city of Hamadan began in ~1911 with OCM establishing operations there under the guidance of weighty expert Cecil Edwards, before interruption, (i.e., devastation) of the "Great War" (World War I) . Most of the Hamadan city production was in larger format, double wefted rugs designated "Alvand" quality. Alvand was chosen in honor of 11750 ft Mt Alvand, which provided for agriculture in the area. In response, the ever astute and industrious Persian villagers began their own home production creating distinctive patterns and weaves. Experts assert that at peak production there were over 1500 different village producing rugs and surrounding communities. The vast majority of Hamadan village rugs from the era were single wefted, on a cotton foundation, often all vegetal dyed, and in small format ranging from little 2 x 3 mats to 5 x 7. Of course, there were exceptions, some were double wefted like Hamadan shahrbafts, some were palace size like Bibikabad, and some had wool warps and/or wefts like those woven before the 20th century and many Kurdish rugs that are often attributed as part of the Hamadan family of rugs.