Persian "Alvand" Qazvin Medallion


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Persian "Alvand" Qazvin Medallion

Size: 6-3 x 9-8
Color: Madder Red/Indigo Blue/ Olive Green 
Material: Wool pile on double-wefted Cotton foundation.
Origin: Persia
Condition: Excellent. Professionally cleaned. 

Design Considerations

Persian "Alvand" Qazvin in remarkable condition. Photo does not do justice to the warmth and depth of color this rug exudes in person. 

Along with being single wefted, woven on a cotton foundation, and knotted with the symmetrical knot, most Hamadan rugs are geometric or rectilinear in format ,i.e, 45º or 90º angles. There just isn't enough knot density for the fluidity that floral rugs demand. But, there are always exceptions to the rules, and Borchalu rugs are one of the few that attempt and achieve a convincing floral look within the Hamadan family of rugs. 

Overlooked and overshadowed during the Neo-Classical period of 1875-1941, arguably to 1979, by their orchestrated and majestic counterparts from the great Persian workshops, Hamadan rugs were mostly produced by women villagers for supplementary income as time allowed, mostly off season. Organized production in the city of Hamadan began in ~1911 with OCM establishing operations there under the guidance of weighty expert Cecil Edwards, before interruption, (i.e., devastation) of the "Great War" (World War I) . Most of the Hamadan city production was in larger format, double wefted rugs designated "Alvand" quality. Alvand was chosen in honor of 11,750 ft Mt Alvand, which provided for the extenisve agriculture in the area. Edwards goal with "Alvand" rugs was to make a rug similar in structure to Biajr with the elements of pre-designer Sarouk Design.

In response, the ever astute and industrious Persian villagers began their own home production creating distinctive patterns and weaves.  Experts assert that at peak production there were over 1500 different village producing rugs and surrounding communities. The vast majority of Hamadan village rugs from the era were single wefted, on a cotton foundation, often all vegetal dyed, and in small format ranging from little 2 x 3 mats to 5 x 7. Of course, there were exceptions, some were double wefted like Hamadan shahrbafts, some were palace size like Bibikabad, and some had wool warps and/or wefts like those woven before the 20th century and many Kurdish rugs that are often attributed as part of the Hamadan family of rugs. 

Thank you.